IMPACT OF WATER LEVEL FLUCTUATION IN THE SHAPING OF ZOOPLANKTON ASSEMBLAGE IN A SHALLOW LAKE

IMPACT OF WATER LEVEL FLUCTUATION IN THE SHAPING OF ZOOPLANKTON ASSEMBLAGE IN A SHALLOW LAKE
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IMPACT OF WATER LEVEL FLUCTUATION IN THE SHAPING OF ZOOPLANKTON ASSEMBLAGE IN A SHALLOW LAKE Špoljar, M., Dražina, T., Lajtner, J., Kovačević, G., Pestić, A., Matijašec, D., Tomljanović, T.Keywords:
rotiferacladoceracopepodafishfloating-leaved macrophytesoxbow lake

DOI number: http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/cjf-2018-0003

Volume: 76
Issue: 1
Pages: 27 - 34

Summary

Shallow lakes are strongly affected by global climate changes reflected in significant parameters of ecosystem deterioration, i.e. biodiversity decrease, and water turbidity. Zooplankton research in Škrčev kut oxbow lake (Krapina River watershed, NW Croatia, Europe) was conducted during the summer of 2012 and 2013 with the aim to determine the effect of inter-annual, short-timescale changes of hydrological regime on environmental conditions, macrophytes, zooplankton and fish assemblage within an oxbow lake in the temperate region. Within one-year period the water level increased by 2 meters. This caused a significant reduction of floating-leaved macrophytes (i.e. Nuphar lutea), while turbidity, ortho-phosphate and chlorophyll a concentrations increased. These altered ecological conditions were reflected in the shift from floating-leaved macrophytes at the lower water level to phytoplankton-dominated lake at the higher water level. Zooplankton underwent significant alteration in assemblage. The results suggest that fish preference suppressed cladocerans and enhanced the rotifer and copepod abundance. Our results indicate that even in a short-timescale zooplankton assemblage mediates in the modification of ecosystem functioning.