COMMON FISHERIES POLICY AND ITS IMPACT ON THE FISHERIES SECTOR IN CROATIA

COMMON FISHERIES POLICY AND ITS IMPACT ON THE FISHERIES SECTOR IN CROATIADownload file(Article is in Project-Id-Version: Croatian Journual of Fisheries POT-Creation-Date: 20.04.2014. PO-Revision-Date: Last-Translator: Marina Piria Language-Team: MIME-Version: 1.0 Content-Type: text/plain; charset=UTF-8 X-Poedit-SourceCharset: utf-8 Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit )review article
COMMON FISHERIES POLICY AND ITS IMPACT ON THE FISHERIES SECTOR IN CROATIAMikuš, O., Zrakić, M., Kovačićek, T., Jež Rogelj, M.Keywords:
croatiaeufisheries policyfisheries budgetmacroeconomic indicators

DOI number: http://dx.doi.org/10.2478/cjf-2018-0005

Volume: 76
Issue: 1
Pages: 41 - 50

Summary

The aim of the paper is: 1) to determine the key changes in the evolution process of the EU Common Fisheries Policy (CFP) and the Croatia’s fisheries policy and 2) to describe the structure and dynamics of macroeconomic and budget performance related to Croatian fisheries in the period 2007-2016. Two methods were used: the historical method and the descriptive analysis of macroeconomic performance and budget structure. The CFP was officially introduced in 1983, bringing the management of fisheries in all EU member states under one system. Its aims were: to resolve sea conflicts between member states, to provide stability to the fisheries sector, to prevent a total collapse of fish stocks and to provide higher quality of life to the fishermen. However, the CFP has constantly been criticized for poor enforcement of environmental measures and scientific recommendations, and for the lack of a common language between the EU institutions and local stakeholders. Both the European and Croatian fisheries sector faced many problems, especially during the transition period in the 1990s. Some of them included a serious decrease of catches, outdated technology and fisheries fleet, depletion of demersal species, lack of developmental trends in mariculture, absence of measures of rational exploitation and protection of economically significant species. The negotiation period was an opportunity for the fisheries sector in Croatia to adapt its goals, measures and stakeholders in order to achieve a more sustainable and internationally competitive fisheries sector in the future. The membership facilitates trade in the EU area, along with providing significant funding and technical assistance. The budget support structure and the existing policy framework point out an increase in the implementation of structural measures which should assist in an overall improvement of social, economic and environmental aspects of fisheries.